Preschool Bridging Model (PBM) Plus
Natalie Woods Andrews, Ed.D., Director
Linnea Hathaway, Project Specialist
Sacramento County Office of Education has been funded by First 5 Sacramento to implement the Preschool Bridging Model (PBM) since 2006. PBM began as a pilot in the Elk Grove USD catchment area. In 2008, the PBM expanded countywide and has provided direct services to over 400 family child care providers and child care centers located in all 12 school districts in Sacramento County. Since the inception of PBM, over 6,000 children have been served.
The Preschool Bridging Model was designed to enhance the quality of child care for young children in Sacramento County. This goal was achieved through workforce and site development strategies including: on-site coaching support and team-teaching for private child care centers and family child care homes, educational and quality improvement planning, and instructional materials to enhance the learning environment.
Additionally, the model has promoted successful kindergarten transition for children and their families by facilitating continuity between early care and education providers and elementary schools. During the 2010-11 fiscal year PBM expanded to include four of the homeless shelters with classrooms serving children birth to age five.
In 2011, the PBM services expanded to include exciting new features made possible by funding from First 5 California.
PBM has incorporated quality enhancement features with additional funding from First 5 California. Here's the "plus:" enhanced professional development for early educators of infants, toddlers, preschoolers and directors/FCCH providers. Early educators are supported as they journey to a deeper level of teaching.
PBM Plus participants:
- Learn new ways to think and talk about how to support children's early learning with a special emphasis on their social-emotional development using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS).
- Identify the areas of their teaching practice that they want to improve to become more effective and satisfied.
- Have access to an online video library that shows everyday teachers using strategies to support children's development.
- Choose the professional development approach that will most help them in reaching their goals: specialized professional development/trainings or college coursework.
- Work with a skilled ECE coach to support their integration of new ideas and strategies into their daily teaching practice.
- Are eligible to earn a stipend for successfully completing their professional grown plan.
- Create lasting changes in their knowledge and skills to support children's learning and development.
Since 2011, ECE Specialists coach 120 enthusiastic, committed early educators located in 100 sites in centers and family child care homes throughout Sacramento County. Eligible applicants have worked for at least 9 months for a minimum of 15 hours per week in a licensed center or home that serves children birth to 5 years of age. In addition, they currently work in a licensed center or home in Sacramento County and earn less than $60,000 per year. Providers must not be currently enrolled in the CARES program administered by Child Action, Inc.
The PBM Plus services contain five major components:
1) Workforce and Professional Development
- A personalized professional development plan developed based on the provider's needs and desires
- A pre- and post-assessment conducted using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS). Center-based teachers and family child care providers working with infants and toddlers will use the Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scale (ITERS) or the Family Child Care Environment Rating Scale (FCCERS)
- On-site instructional support through team-teaching and coaching
- Consultation and technical assistance for private child care and family child care home providers
- Linkage of private child care providers to the California Preschool Instructional Network (CPIN) and other professional development opportunities provided through the California Department of Education Early Education and Support Division
- Information to providers about professional development incentive programs such as the Comprehensive Approaches to Raising Educational Standards (CARES) and Staff Retention and Training (AB212)
- Information on accessing AA and BA cohort programs, as well as on-site programs offered through institutions of higher education
Successful Examples of Professional Development:
- Twenty of the PBM providers enrolled in the BA cohort administered by CSUS
- PBM providers attended numerous professional development opportunities in the community
- Over 100 PBM participants attended CPIN professional development opportunities
- PBM providers became CARES participants
2) Site Development
- Use of program quality rating scales—Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale (ECERS) and Family Child Care Environment Rating Scale (FCCERS)—(used during the first 4 years of the program)
- Environmental planning and development based on the Environmental Rating Scales (ITERS and FCCERS) and the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS)
- Instructional materials to enhance the learning environment
Successful Examples of Site Development:
- Environmental Rating Scores increased, on average, by 2 points on the overall score
- One provider commented, "No one has come back on an ongoing basis to help me, my program and my preschool children. I'm so very thankful for your continued help!"
- Another provider commented, "Can you come back to all my rooms?"
- Environmental development of the Play Care rooms in the nine Family Resource Centers
3) Instructional Support
- Introduction of the Preschool English Learners Guide, Preschool Learning Foundations, Preschool Curriculum Framework, Infant Toddler Guidelines and Foundations, and DRDPr to all PBM sites
- Introduction of developmentally appropriate activities through team-teaching
- Consultation and technical assistance in the areas of staff development and staff relations
- PBM providers were invited and participated in local school districts' professional development opportunities to help build collaborative relationships
Successful Examples of Instructional Support:
- Two PBM family child care providers became "Family Child Care Provider of the Year" and were honored at the annual "In Praise of Providers Dinner" sponsored by the Sacramento County Local Child care Planning Council
- One provider commented, "I tossed all my dittos away and my program is now developmentally appropriate."
4) Direct Services to Children and Their Families
- Developmental screenings for children
- Vision and hearing screenings for children
- Community resources to parents
- Parent education opportunities and workshops at PBM sites
Successful Examples of Direct Services to Children:
- 3,000 children received vision and hearing screenings
- Early intervention to over 400 children who were referred for further testing. As a result, many children are currently wearing glasses and a few are using hearing aids.
- PBM Plus staff work in three homeless shelters and the Sacramento Food Bank providing PBM Plus services
5) Transition/School Readiness
- School readiness activities for parents and children that are similar to those offered in public preschools and Head Start programs
- Linkage to school district information and services
- Opportunities to attend local community transition-to-school collaboratives
- Kindergarten transition activities for children and their families
- Countywide collaboration, communication, and coordination of school readiness events
Successful Examples of Transition/School Readiness:
- Three countywide Kindergarten Transition Summits have been held and over 620 early care and education providers, K-teachers, and principals attended
120 private child care teachers from centers and family child care homes are recruited yearly to participate in the Preschool Bridging Model Plus. Each year over 1300 children receive services through the Preschool Bridging Model Plus.
Publications and Materials
Preschool Bridging Model Overview Brochure
- First 5 California
- First 5 Sacramento
- Child Action, Inc.
- Sacramento County Child Abuse Prevention Council
- Sacramento County Office of Education Project TEACH
- Elk Grove Unified School District
- Folsom Cordova Unified School District
- Galt Joint Union School District
- Natomas Unified School District
- River Delta Unified School District
- Robla School District
- Sacramento City Unified School District
- San Juan Unified School District
- Twin Rivers Unified School District
Preschool Bridging Model (PBM) Plus last updated this entry 6/10/2014.